Emotions are fundamental for human attachments, social interactions, and self-satisfaction. Exposure to asbestos, leading to lung cancer, is also a concern due to the prevalence of asbestos in schools and some homes U.
One caveat should be kept in mind in reading through the following review of evidence. Examples of such programming during particular sensitive or critical periods of development are coming to light.
Environmental Protection Agency, ; Bearer et al. Mothers may react with apathy or disinterest, which produces even more withdrawal on the part of the infant Lozoff, Because children are so vulnerable, they can be easily affected by things many parents and adults take for granted.
Parental Interactions Parental interactions with children can have a largely positive or negative effect on child development, according to EffectivePhilanthropy. The mandated uses of car seats, safety belts, bicycle helmets, tamper-resistant closure systems, and the establishment of national and regional poison control centers are also examples of advances in child safety.
Episodic high exposures sufficient to cause sunburn, particularly during childhood and adolescence, increase the risk of melanoma Saraiya et al. Genes may confer susceptibility only during a specific span of time, referred to as a critical period.
In a sample of 1, children, 1 in 20 school-age children had minimal sensorineural hearing loss and 37 percent of the children with this hearing loss failed at least one grade K—12 Bess et al. In addition, children are both more highly exposed and more susceptible to the contaminants found in water.
Even mild hearing loss is associated with increased social and emotional dysfunction among school-age children. Some body stores that are beneficial at lower levels can become harmful at higher levels: After uptake or absorption across the barrier, chemical agents including drugs are distributed throughout the body, metabolized, and eliminated U.
In the 19th and early 20th century, people recognized pediatrics as a medical specialty because of the gradual awareness that the health problems of children are different from those of adults.
Pathogenic agents include bacteria, viruses or parasites, bacterial toxins, aquatic organisms that elaborate toxins, and toxins that accumulate in the food chain, such as domoic acid.
Many school buildings are old and poorly maintained, leading to exposures to air pollutants, radon, asbestos, pesticides, and lead Etzel and Balk, However, it does not discount the potential effect of the external environment Seckl, ; Ingelfinger and Woods, ; Falkner, ; Roseboom et al.
Systems affected by these contaminants include the central nervous system, the gastrointestinal system, and the hematological system. A related problem is that few of the cited studies include data that represent the whole population of children. Even within a childhood stage, health influences can act in very different ways because of the differing cultural interpretations that families attach to them.
Thus the beginnings of attachment are initiated. Oral clefts, cardiac defects, and complete nasal obstruction choanal atresia were found in studies evaluating trichloroethylene-contaminated drinking water Bove et al. Research has documented the impact of chronic illness on child and adolescent adjustment DiMatteo, ; Kyngas et al.
The identification of genes that confer susceptibility to adverse or beneficial responses following exposure to diverse social environments has only just begun.
While the effects of maternal prenatal use of cocaine, opiates, and methamphetamines on infant cognitive development and behavior remain controversial owing to confounding environmental factors Bays, ; Tronick and Beeghly,the effects on maternal-infant interactions are more established Breiter et al.
Toxic chemicals in food can be divided into three categories: Both human epidemiological and animal experimental studies support the hypothesis that relative undernutrition in the fetus results in significant and relatively permanent changes in important physiological systems Nathanielsz, As children acquire new physical and cognitive skills and experiences, their behaviors change.
In other words, unhealthy eating can lead to weight gain and other negative effects if the child does not learn how to eat healthy early in life. It is worth knowing the signs and symptoms of the common childhood illnesses as well as the treatment and prevention of these illnesses. Environmental influences are wide-ranging and include infectious agents, toxins such as lead and air pollution, and social factors such as loving interactions with caregivers, socioeconomic resources in the family and community, and peer relationships, segregation, racism, culture, the availability and quality of services, and policies that directly or indirectly affect these other interactive influences see Box Indoor air pollution, which is generally not regulated one notable exception being laws prohibiting indoor smoking in public spacesresults primarily from 1 the products of combustion, such as CO, nitrogen dioxide, particulates, and sulfur dioxides; 2 volatile organic compounds, such as formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene; 3 the products of tobacco smoking approximately 3, chemicals ; and 4 molds.
All cells contain the full array of genes but, depending on the cell type, some are expressed while others are not; for example, certain genes coding for proteins in the retina are expressed in the cells of the eye, but not in the pancreas cells. Examples include a higher risk of lung cancer in individuals lacking glutathione S-transferase mu who smoke Perera et al.Health Factors Impede Child Development ANALYSE THE FACTORS THAT CAN AFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT OF BABIES IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE.
‘Neuroses are only acquired during early childhood even though their symptoms may not make their appearance until much later. The events of the first year are of paramount importance. While some of the factors that influence physical development are within your control, others are not.
Heredity plays a large part in your child’s development. Mental development, in particular, is deeply grounded in heredity. These themes will need to be kept in mind when assessing the factors affecting each child’s development.
To help professionals assess the factors affecting a child’s development, they have been grouped into four areas: Mental Health: Does the child have a warm and nurturing environment? In sum, all these psychological factors, whether a child’s perceptions of peer norms, self-efficacy beliefs, attitudes about health and health care, or level of motivation to pursue specific health care behaviors, contribute to health-related choices and behaviors.
The growth and development of a child are affected by three distinct factors: environmental factors, biological factors and interpersonal relationships.
Focusing on these three factors can help ensure the healthy growth and development of a child. Environmental factors that can effect the. Jan 03, · There are a multitude of health factors that could impede a child's mental, physical and educational development.